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Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) is a technique that involves the application and analysis of potential or current sine waves to interrogate chemical processes occurring at an electrode.
This section contains diagnostic system tests for a potentiostat, sometimes involving the use of a dummy cell, that are often used to verify that an instrument is working properly.
- WaveDriver Simple EIS Test
- WaveDriver Shorted Lead EIS Test
- WaveDriver Open Lead EIS Test
- WaveDriver Cell Cable Calibration
- WaveDriver Dual Channel (K1 and K2) DC Test
Here you will find some general rotating disk (RDE) and rotating ring-disk (RRDE) applications. Generally, the most basic of such applications will be categorized here.
- MSR Rotator Calibration and Verification
- Rotating Ring-Disk Electrode Setups (RRDE)
- Rotating Disk and Rotating Cylinder Electrode Setups (RDE and RCE)
- Three-Electrode Setups
- Two-Electrode Setups
Corrosion is an expensive problem directly related to energy, an even greater problem. The oil and gas industry in particular is acutely aware of the damaging effects of the oxidation of pipelines. An electrochemical process, corrosion can be inhibited and materials better developed to resist the damaging effects.
- AfterMath LPR Timing Sheet Calculator
- Linear Polarization Resistance and Corrosion Rate
- 15 mm RCE Corrosion Cell Selection Guide
- Rotating Cylinder Electrode (RCE) Calculation Sheet
- Study of Mass Transport Limited Corrosion With Rotating Cylinder Electrodes
Throughout the Applications Knowledgebase, we use this icon and text display to make notable connections between application and our products. Our goal is to note the appropriate products used in a given application.
Throughout the Applications Knowledgebase, we use this icon and text display to make notable connections between application and other content, such as theory, AfterMath references, and technical/support content.
Throughout the Applications Knowledgebase, we use this icon and text display to make notable connections between application and AfterMath Software directly, where practical application pairs with instrument software.
- General Instrument Grounding Information
- Setup of the Stirring Automation Pack
- Potentiostat Glovebox Installation
- Reference Electrode Storage and Master Reference Electrodes
- Troubleshooting Noise in an Electrochemical System with a Rotator
This section contains detailed descriptions and diagrams related to various specific Pine Research products.
- Use and Assembly of the Advanced Low Volume Membrane Kit
- How to Refill the Hg/HgO Reference Electrode (RREF0038)
- WaveDriver Single Channel Potentiostat Cell Cable
- WaveDriver Bipotentiostat Cell Cable
- WaveDriver Dummy Cell Descriptions
In general, electrocatalysis refers to the heterogenous catalysis of an electrochemical reaction. Most often, this reaction occurs at the electrode|electrolyte interface where the the electrode acts as both an electron donor and electron acceptor. Often molecular catalysts are cast onto the surface of an electrode to drive the catalytic process.
- Probing Fuel Cell Electrocatalysts with RDE and RRDE
- Conducting Electrochemical Experiments in an Inert Atmosphere
This section contains website versions of the user guides for various Pine Research instruments. Complete PDFs of each user guide are also individually available.
- WaveNow, WaveNano, WaveNowXV Potentiostat/Galvanostat System User Guide
- WaveDriver 40 Bipotentiostat/Galvanostat User Guide
- WaveDriver 100 Potentiostat/Galvanostat with EIS User Guide
- WaveNeuro Four FSCV Potentiostat User Guide
- WaveDriver 200 Bipotentiostat/Galvanostat with EIS User Guide
Pine Research provides some electrochemical-based laboratory exercises which are applicable to several chemistry courses, such as, general chemistry, inorganic chemistry lab, quantitative analysis (analytical chemistry lab), instrumental analysis lab, physical chemistry lab, environmental chemistry lab.
- Setup of the Stirring Automation Pack
- Electrochemical-Enzymatic Determination of Glucose in Beverages
- Highly Sensitive Electrochemical Determination of Lead in Tap Water
- Exploring Faraday’s Law Using Inexpensive Screen-Printed Electrodes
- Electrochemical Analysis of Acetaminophen in Pain Relief Medication
There are many electrochemical processes in the brain that drive neuron communication. Many molecules in the brain are electrochemically active, such as dopamine and serotonin, and have immense physiological implications. The study of such molecules and processes can be achieved with electroanalytical chemistry.