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Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) is a technique that involves the application and analysis of potential or current sine waves to interrogate chemical processes occurring at an electrode.
This section contains diagnostic system tests for a potentiostat, sometimes involving the use of a dummy cell, that are often used to verify that an instrument is working properly.
- Testing Potentiostat Setup
- WaveDriver Single Channel (K1) DC Test
- WaveDriver Dual Channel (K1 and K2) DC Test
- WaveDriver Cell Cable Calibration
- WaveDriver Open Lead EIS Test
Here you will find some general rotating disk (RDE) and rotating ring-disk (RRDE) applications. Generally, the most basic of such applications will be categorized here.
- Automated Control of Electrode Rotators
- Change Rotator Motor Stop Signal Logic
- Changing Input Rotation Rate on MSR Rotator
- Empirical Determination of RRDE Collection Efficiency (N)
- MSR Rotator Calibration and Verification
Corrosion is an expensive problem directly related to energy, an even greater problem. The oil and gas industry in particular is acutely aware of the damaging effects of the oxidation of pipelines. An electrochemical process, corrosion can be inhibited and materials better developed to resist the damaging effects.
- 15 mm RCE Corrosion Cell Selection Guide
- AfterMath LPR Timing Sheet Calculator
- Generate Tafel Plots in AfterMath from CV or LSV Data
- Linear Polarization Resistance and Corrosion Rate
- Rotating Cylinder Electrode (RCE) Calculation Sheet
Throughout the Applications Knowledgebase, we use this icon and text display to make notable connections between application and our products. Our goal is to note the appropriate products used in a given application.
Throughout the Applications Knowledgebase, we use this icon and text display to make notable connections between application and other content, such as theory, AfterMath references, and technical/support content.
Throughout the Applications Knowledgebase, we use this icon and text display to make notable connections between application and AfterMath Software directly, where practical application pairs with instrument software.
- Electrical Testing of Electrodes and Shafts
- Electrode Shroud Materials Overview
- General Instrument Grounding Information
- Pine Research Electrode Polishing Guide
- Potentiostat Glovebox Installation
This section contains detailed descriptions and diagrams related to various specific Pine Research products.
- How to Refill the Hg/HgO Reference Electrode (RREF0038)
- Use and Assembly of the Advanced Low Volume Membrane Kit
- WaveDriver Bipotentiostat Cell Cable
- WaveDriver Dummy Cell Descriptions
- WaveDriver Single Channel Potentiostat Cell Cable
In general, electrocatalysis refers to the heterogenous catalysis of an electrochemical reaction. Most often, this reaction occurs at the electrode|electrolyte interface where the the electrode acts as both an electron donor and electron acceptor. Often molecular catalysts are cast onto the surface of an electrode to drive the catalytic process.
- Conducting Electrochemical Experiments in an Inert Atmosphere
- Probing Fuel Cell Electrocatalysts with RDE and RRDE
This section contains website versions of the user guides for various Pine Research instruments. Complete PDFs of each user guide are also individually available.
- WaveDriver 200 Bipotentiostat/Galvanostat with EIS User Guide
- WaveNeuro Four FSCV Potentiostat User Guide
- WaveDriver 100 Potentiostat/Galvanostat with EIS User Guide
- WaveDriver 40 Bipotentiostat/Galvanostat User Guide
- WaveNow, WaveNano, WaveNowXV Potentiostat/Galvanostat System User Guide
Pine Research provides some electrochemical-based laboratory exercises which are applicable to several chemistry courses, such as, general chemistry, inorganic chemistry lab, quantitative analysis (analytical chemistry lab), instrumental analysis lab, physical chemistry lab, environmental chemistry lab.
- Electrochemical Analysis of Acetaminophen in Pain Relief Medication
- Electrochemical-Enzymatic Determination of Glucose in Beverages
- Exploring Faraday’s Law Using Inexpensive Screen-Printed Electrodes
- Highly Sensitive Electrochemical Determination of Lead in Tap Water
- Setup of the Stirring Automation Pack
There are many electrochemical processes in the brain that drive neuron communication. Many molecules in the brain are electrochemically active, such as dopamine and serotonin, and have immense physiological implications. The study of such molecules and processes can be achieved with electroanalytical chemistry.