# WaveNeuro Four Channel Headstage Kit

Products

Expand your FSCV capabilities with our new four-channel headstage kit.  Pine Research released the WaveNeuro Four in 2018 and until now, users would have to use four individual headstage cable kits, each having their own headstage amplifier and electrode connections.  The new Four-Channel Headstage Kit solves this issue by providing a single headstage that accommodates up to four channels simultaneously to a common reference electrode.  The features of this new product include the following:

• Up to four working electrode channels, each color coded
• All four channels have the same gain, 200 nA/V (5 MΩ)
• Simple connections - only one cable from WaveNeuro Four to terminal electrodes
• Novel piecewise design - identify issues and replace individual components as needed

# Description Price in USD
Complete Four Channel Headstage Kit
[NEC-HS4]

WaveNeuro Four Channel Headstage Kit

Kit includes the items listed below
AB01HC0701

connects to Headstage 0 and Headstage 1 connectors to enable four channel FSCV with one headstage

AC01HS4

200 nA/V (5 MΩ) gain, each channel

AC01HC0503

Four-Channel Headstage-to-Microelectrode Coupler Wire Assembly
kit contains 2, four color-labeled working electrode connectors, 1 white reference electrode connector

RRHC0620

connects adapter to four-channel headstage amplifier, 3m

With the WaveNeuro Four Channel Headstage Kit, users can more conveniently connect up to four working electrodes to a single headstage.  To make this possible, the Four Channel Headstage Kit includes an adapter board, to which a special interface cable and four-channel headstage cable connects.  Terminating this assembly are the four-channel headstage-to-microelectrode coupler wires, which includes sockets for four working electrodes (Yellow, Red, Blue, and Green) and one reference electrode (White).

The Four Channel Headstage Kit finds application in several areas, yet to be fully realized by the FSCV research community:

• Easy throughput. Deliver the same waveform to four channels simultaneously, and measure current at each channel independently.  In this case, you might install the electrodes into the same region of the brain, same tissue, or same flow cell and gain n=4 with a single experiment.
• Multiple analytes.  Imagine measuring multiple analytes in your system simultaneously.  Look at dopamine, serotonin, adenosine, and other molecules simultaneously – simply apply the appropriate waveform to each channel independently.

The FSCV community has yet to release seminal papers on the topic of multichannel FSCV.  Pine Research hopes to promote the growth of FSCV into this area by providing a well-designed commercial solution for those needing multichannel FSCV.

Pine Research currently offers working driven headstage amplifiers.  In a working driven system, the reference electrode is grounded.  The FSCV potential waveform (ramp) is connected to the non-inverting input of the operational amplifier, while the working electrode is connected to the inverting input.  In this arrangement, the voltage at the microelectrode will follow the ramp applied to the inverting input. [1]

Even when no electrodes are connected (connector just in air) to the headstage amplifier cable, which is connected to the WaveNeuro, HDCV will show a current response that follows the applied waveform.  As described below, this is expected.

In this two-electrode configuration, current arising from electron-transfer reactions, such as the oxidation of dopamine, passes between reference and working electrodes.  The measured current passes through the headstage amplifer, where it is converted to voltage, and sums with the the ramp voltage at the inverting input. Mathematically,

$V_O=-(i_{in}\times R_F)+V_R$

where $V_O$ is the output voltage, $i_{in}$ is input current, $R_F$ is feedback resistor (gain), and $V_R$ is the CV ramp voltage.  By rearrangement, the signal voltage (proportional to the current across the $5\: M\Omega$ feedback resistor in the $200\:nA/V$ headstage) is then

$(V_R-V_O)=i_{in}\times R_F=V_{signal}$

HDCV software, which supports the WaveNeuro FSCV Potentiostat system, performs software subtraction of the ramp according to this relationship, resulting in only the true differential current measurement.1

1. Takmakov, P.; McKinney, C. J.; Carelli, R. M.; Wightman, R. M. Instrumentation for Fast-Scan Cyclic Voltammetry Combined with Electrophysiology for Behavioral Experiments in Freely Moving Animals. Rev. Sci. Instrum. 2011, 82, 74302.

R.M. Wightman et. al. have reported on this topic in depth   If, after reviewing this document, you have any questions about our neuroelectrochemical research products, please do not hesitate to contact us.

##### Questions? Find Answers.

Our knowledgebase is the central repository for written content, including help topics, theory, application notes, specifications, and software information.

Select a category below or view the Knowledgebase home page
##### Software

Detailed information about our Software, which includes AfterMath and retired PineChem.

##### Applications

Application notes discuss practical aspects of conducting specific experiments.

##### Theory

Fundamental electrochemical theory presented in a brief and targeted manner.

##### Product Specifications

Review complete product specifications and compare products within a category here.